Pastoral societies are those that have a disproportionate subsistence emphasis on Herding domesticated livestock. Much horticultural, agrarian, and industrial production Systems incorporate livestock. The most important defining criterion perhaps is the organization of community life around the needs of the herds. Typical herding societies are “nomadic.” People live in portable tents or temporary structures and move considerable distances from pasture to pasture according to the dictates of ecological circumstances and the needs of the beasts. Nomadism is a technological adaptation to scarce and ephemeral Pasturage that has major ramifying effects on culture core features that are absent if animals are managed from a fixed home base, as in Ethiopian and east of Africa ranching.
In Somaliland people are pastoralist background nearly 65% that entirely depends on livestock and 10% are agro-pastoralists. The dual have challenges given the scarcity of resources in the semi-arid areas that they inhabit. In Somaliland these majority still face several challenges including unfair distribution of public resources that would have a big impact on their livelihood. It is noticed that whenever Public Policies are made issues of pastoralist development are not strongly expressed.